Old Roman Creed

I believe in God the Father almighty;
and in Christ Jesus His only Son, our Lord,
        Who was born from the Holy Spirit and the Virgin Mary,
        Who under Pontius Pilate was crucified and buried,
        on the third day rose again from the dead,
        ascended to heaven,
        sits at the right hand of the Father,
        whence He will come to judge the living and the dead,
and in the Holy Spirit,
the holy Church,
the remission of sins,
the resurrection of the flesh
(the life everlasting). [1]

Origin and Significance in the Churches

The Old Roman Creed (Romanum) is one of the first known statements of faith of Christianity, based on which later the Apostles' Creed developed.  It was originally written in the Greek language, and was translated into Latin by Rufinus of Aquileia.

Whether the Romanum came into existence between the years 125 and 135 is contended.  Instead of being the statement of faith at baptism in the city of Rome it is claimed to be, the text may be the the personal statement of faith of Marcellus of Ancyra, that became widely used in the West as Symbolicum Apostolicum after its reception in the church in Rome in the 4th century. [2]



The words of the creed were copied on 17.10.2010 from the following site:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Roman_Symbol.

The words in brackets ("the life everlasting") are based on the translation from the Latin text found at Early Christian Creeds, Longman, 1972, pp. 102 per the source mentioned above.




The section "Origin and Significance in the Churches" is a translation of a text taken on 02.10.2010 from http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Altrömisches_Glaubensbekenntnis.


Photo: Orion Nebula  -  Copyright